Category: Animal Welfare

‘A Time 4 Paws’ seeks help for move during last week of July

The animal welfare organization A Time 4 Paws (AT4P) is moving to 594 Cook Rd., in Crossville, Tenn., by August 1.

AT4P’s founder and president Karen McMeekin said, “We are currently looking for volunteers who can help us out during our last week of the move from our old adoption center location to our current, new location.”

During the week of July 27-31, AT4P must have everything transferred out of its current facility at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy. This process involves finishing kennels and cat rooms at the new center and disassembling and moving equipment from the old center before the animals can be transported.

McMeekin said that she still needs people who can:

  • dig holes for and construct fencing
  • fix water lines
  • transport equipment and supplies
  • disassemble
  • paint
  • garden
  • landscape
  • clean

She also said, “We’re still in need of cleaning supplies, bleach. We need sponges that are sort of like rough – the green scrubby pads. … We need some new mop handles, which are for industrial mops where we can change the heads out, … paper towels, toilet paper.

“We need donations of dog food: Diamond Natural chicken and rice dog food. You can buy that at Petsense. You can buy that at Tractor Supply. That’s very important because we have some very large dogs, and we’ve had them for several years. … So we’re going through bags of dog food – 40-pound bags of dog food – very quickly.”

Miranda McNeil started volunteering with AT4P to fulfill eight hours of community service for her Tennessee Promise scholarship. McNeil helps at the adoption center with socializing the dogs and other tasks as needed, and she plans to continue helping the organization long-term.

She said, “Not a lot of people understand the need these places have. I never knew how important volunteers were until I started volunteering.”

McMeekin said, “If [you] are new volunteers who have never been a part of our organization in the past, [you] can email me at … We can set up a time. We’re generally here from eight until three everyday. And the big moving days will most likely be Thursday and Friday and probably Saturday.”

Giving some of your time during the week of July 27 to August 1, will help AT4P meet its moving deadline.

“Our grand opening won’t be until September,” said McMeekin, “but, in the meantime, we need all of this completed for the safety and the health of the animals and for the volunteers.”

Additionally, the group needs help daily at its adoption center and its thrift store at 1201 West Ave. If you are interested in long-term volunteering and interaction with the animals, be sure to fill out a volunteer application.

A Time 4 Paws celebrates ten years of hope for pets in Cumberland County, Tenn.

A Time 4 Paws found Angel tied with a heavy chain to a concrete block with no food or clean water in December 2014. (Photo by Karen McMeekin / Used by permission)
A Time 4 Paws found Angel tied with a heavy chain to a concrete block with no food or clean water in December 2014. (Photo by Karen McMeekin / Used by permission)

One-year-old Angel once lived in deplorable conditions in Cumberland County, Tenn., on land that was being used to train dogs for fighting.

In December 2014, A Time 4 Paws (AT4P), a non-profit animal welfare organization established in 2005, assisted the Cumberland County sheriff’s department in rescuing Angel and six other dogs that required extensive medical treatment.

Rose and Quinton Troglin adopted Angel from A Time 4 Paws in May. (Photo by Karen McMeekin / Used by permission)
Rose and Quinton adopted Angel from A Time 4 Paws in May. (Photo by Karen McMeekin / Used by permission)

AT4P volunteers took Angel and the other dogs to veterinarians and made sure that these animals continued to heal at the group’s adoption center at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy., during the months that followed their rescue.

In the meantime, AT4P posted photos and information about these dogs on its Facebook page and national websites like and

Rose T. said, “[My husband and I] found Angel on [the A Time 4 Paws] adoption site; we were drawn to her lovable face that just said take me home!”

Angel now lives with Rose’s family. She said, “This is the first rescue dog we’ve adopted. … Our son loves Angel. He takes her for walks, and we all play with her. My mother-in-law also interacts with her some. She was scared at first by her great size, but soon realized she’s a big baby.”

Angel found her forever family; however, many homeless animals in Cumberland County do not.

From July 2013 to June 2014, the Cumberland County animal shelter in Crossville, Tenn., processed 2,119 cats and dogs through capture or owner surrender. Shelter manager Andrea Gaskins said that 1,414 were released alive through owner reclaims, adoptions or release to rescue organizations, resulting in a 67-percent save rate.

What about the other 33 percent of animals that were killed?

Members of AT4P believe that – in partnership with local groups like theirs – the shelter could support a 99-percent save rate.

Karen McMeekin, AT4P’s founder and president, said, “Our goal is to turn the entire community and county shelter into a No Kill community – people who embrace the No Kill philosophy because it should be the only way that a community should be in the United States today, and, with that philosophy, animals lives are saved.”

Since it was founded in 2005, AT4P has expanded its physical presence in Crossville from a small boarding facility to an adoption center, a thrift store and a pet hotel.

Now, in its 10th year in Crossville, AT4P will move its adoption center to a 9½-acre mini sanctuary at 594 Cook Rd., this summer.

McMeekin, AT4P’s founder and president, said, “I started A Time 4 Paws … as an organization that was assisting the local county and city shelter.

“The Humane Society of Cumberland County was running a city shelter. … The city shelter took only city animals, and they were killing approximately 90 percent of them. The county shelter would take all of the county animals, and they were killing about 85 percent of them. And when I became a board member, … I found the number of animals being killed.”

In order to save as many shelter animals as possible, McMeekin and Teresa Williams, AT4P’s vice president transported 30 to 50 dogs every month to No Kill animal rescue groups in other states. Williams, who also manages the AT4P pet hotel said, “We learned soon after by attending Best Friends No Kill conferences and traveling to visit the places that were No Kill that transporting them out [of state] wasn’t the answer – but a temporary solution.”

What is the No Kill philosophy?

When Nathan Winograd released his book ‘Redemption: The Myth of Pet Overpopulation and the No Kill Revolution in America’ in 2007, he became an outspoken and recognizable voice of the movement.

In an interview with Janet Kinosian for Reader’s Digest magazine, Winograd said, “’When you take killing animals off the table as an option, … you’d be surprised at the creative solutions you come up with.’”

Embrace No Kill

Winograd’s research in ‘We Can Do It!: Adopt Your Way Out of Killing’ debunks the long-standing ideology that municipal shelters must continue killing pets to reduce their overpopulation.

Research from the No Kill Advocacy Center shows that pets killed in shelters every year could be re-homed based on the number of people planning to adopt pets annually. (Graphic by The No Kill Advocacy Center / Used by permission)
Research from the No Kill Advocacy Center shows that pets killed in shelters every year could be re-homed based on the number of people planning to adopt pets annually. (Graphic by The No Kill Advocacy Center / Used by permission)

According to this guide, U.S. shelters kill an average of three million animals per year simply because they have not been re-homed. However, statistics show that 23.5 million people bring new pets into their homes every year and that 17 million have not decided where they will find their new companions.

Based on these projections, the No Kill Advocacy Center believes that “even if 80% of those people got their animal from somewhere other than a shelter, we could still zero out the killing. And many communities are proving it.” verified 145 No Kill shelters in the U.S. in 2014. The group also recognized 46 shelters making progress with proven save rates of 80 to 89 percent.

In Lisa Sandberg’s interview with Winograd published in The Sun magazine (Chapel Hill, N.C.) in 2013, Winograd said, “The No Kill communities across the U.S. today have little in common … , but they all share the model they used to end the killing of healthy and treatable animals. It’s a series of cost-effective programs and services that I call the ‘No Kill Equation.’ These shelters encourage high-volume adoptions. They work with volunteers, foster families, and rescuers. They treat medical and behavior problems. They neuter and release, rather than kill, feral cats. Perhaps the most important characteristic they all share is that they embrace the public rather than blame it. By reaching out to community groups, by treating each life as precious, we can transform any shelter.”

No Kill EquationIs No Kill working in Cumberland County?

Shelter director Gaskins is familiar with Winograd’s work and the No Kill philosophy. She said, “It takes time. We’re working our way there slowly. I think [the numbers are] a huge improvement as far as where we’ve been to where we’ve come to.

“The live release on canines is 90 percent, and that’s huge for us. … Cats are our hardest thing. There are so many feral cats in this county.”

To help with decreasing the homeless animal population, the shelter recently changed policy to make sure that all animals are spayed or neutered before they are adopted. She said, “It’s a flat $80 for dogs, $50 for cats.”

Gaskins manages one full-time and three part-time employees. A handful of volunteers help walk and socialize the animals, and some take animals home that need to be in quarantine and treated. However, the shelter still needs help with animal socialization, daily cleaning and publicizing new arrivals on social media.

Gaskins said that she presented plans for a new facility to the city council this summer. She said, “A new facility opens eyes to the public, is more inviting to the public; it encourages adoptions.”

Although the city commissioners told her that funding would not be available for this year, they encouraged her to present the proposal again next year.

For the short-term, she said, “Feral cats is the biggest [project] we’re working on … . We’ve done things a little bit different on how we separate them this year. … We’ve had less problems with respiratory diseases passing through the cats. We would like to see a feral cat enclosure outdoors. Inside, I think, is really stressful for them. That’s one. Working on that and the barn cat program. We’ve done a lot of focus on the dogs. We need to focus a little bit more on the cats this year and try and get that number down and get the release rate up.”

Gaskins explained that the shelter does not set a time limit on how long an animal can stay at the shelter; however, the facility does euthanize animals when it is full.

She said, “If [the dog or cat] has great potential but just has not found the right home, we’ll hang on to it for as long as we can – as long as we have the space and keep the transports going [to out-of-state rescue groups] and there’s potential for that animal to get a good home.”

McMeekin said that she is pleased that the number of shelter killings has been lowered over the past ten years. “But it’s not a 99-percent save rate,” she said.

A Time 4 Paws also wants to encourage more adoptions locally in order to prevent transported animals from taking the place of other homeless animals in northern states.

Is No Kill working in Tennessee?

Steve Phipps founded the Blount County Humane Society (BCHS) in Maryville, Tenn. in 2003, and continues to serve as the group’s president. He said, “[The book] opened my eyes. … There aren’t too many pets for the homes that we have in America. As a matter of fact, we have a surplus of homes, and the breakdown is we don’t have a pet overpopulation. We have shelter overcrowding due to poor shelter performance.”

Four years ago, the BCHS leadership team, inspired by Winograd’s No Kill Equation, approached Maryville city officials with a plan to drastically lower the kill rate of shelter animals and change the city to a No Kill community. Phipps said, “Of course, [the animal control officers] were very skeptical. … They didn’t know anything about No Kill. They thought it was some crazy, lame-brained idea, and they thought we’d give up after a few months.

“I think the turning point for them was [that] there were five black dogs that came to the shelter. Traditionally, very hard to adopt. … Well, lo and behold, we got the five dogs adopted, and I think they saw at that point, we’re really doing something that works. Since then they’ve been on board. They expanded their hold periods – without us even asking them – expanded from three days to 20 days.”

In cooperation with the Maryville Animal Control department, BCHS achieved a 99-percent save rate in 2014.

Where can A Time 4 Paws be found in Cumberland County?

AT4P’s current adoption center is located at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy.

A Time 4 Paws runs a thrift store at 1201 West Ave., in Crossville, Tenn., to help support the organization's programs. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)
A Time 4 Paws runs a thrift store at 1201 West Ave., in Crossville, Tenn., to help support the organization’s programs. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)

The group also manages a thrift store at 1201 West Ave. Volunteers work Mondays through Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Another branch of AT4P’s ventures is the pet hotel at 2149 E. First St. Teresa Williams helped open the hotel in 2009, and said, “Profits go to help AT4P and its programs.”

Williams is especially qualified to manage the hotel with her background in dog training and with a degree in business. She has shown agility dogs and horses throughout the U.S. and Europe for many years and is certified in canine and equine massage therapy. She also maintains a dog training business called Winning Touch.

Teresa Williams manages the pet hotel which provides boarding for dogs and cats. Services and fees can be found (Photo by Teresa Williams / Used by permission)
Teresa Williams manages the pet hotel which provides boarding for dogs and cats. Services and fees can be found (Photo by Teresa Williams / Used by permission)

Williams said, “We built three cottages with no more than eight to nine dogs per cottage. Smaller dogs were setup in the house. Lots of playtime makes for the tranquil atmosphere. We don’t get the barking that goes on in most kennels. We also board cats.”

What is in the future for A Time 4 Paws?

McMeekin has been planning to build an animal sanctuary for Cumberland County since she started the organization.

“People don’t realize that, when they say their son or daughter is going to take care of [their pet] when they’re gone, the situation they may be in at that time does not award them the ability to take that animal,” said McMeekin. “And so what do they have? They don’t have a choice. Well, they do have a choice with us, but they don’t have a choice at the county shelter. It could be killed, and, if it’s a cat, it’s probably going to be killed for sure. So what we’d like to be is the alternative.”

The AT4P adoption center would be located on the property; however, the sanctuary would mainly be a special home for animals with special needs. To help alleviate the number of animals killed in the county shelter, the group would have special treatment areas for sick animals and space for elderly dogs and cats and for those who need more socializing before being listed as adoptable.

As a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, A Time 4 Paws depends on community support for financial help and for supplies. Those interested in donating will find more information on the Pinterest board below.

Follow Diahan’s board Saving Animals with the No Kill Philosophy on Pinterest.

AT4P provides an anonymous hotline to report suspected animal abuse. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)
AT4P provides an anonymous hotline to report suspected animal abuse. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)

Be a lifesaver by volunteering with A Time 4 Paws

The non-profit organization A Time 4 Paws (AT4P) has requested the help of volunteers to prepare its new adoption center, which will be located at 594 Cook Rd., in Crossville, Tenn.

Founder and president Karen McMeekin said, “The grand opening will be in late July. We will transfer the animals over to the facility sooner, but, … the end of July is the projected date for the opening for the public to come and experience the new adoption center.”

AT4P’s new center will have 16 heated and air-conditioned indoor/outdoor kennels for dogs. Cats will also live in temperature-controlled rooms with climbing ramps and the ability to move outside into a protected space.

McMeekin said that the AT4P team needs volunteers with a variety of skills to help with the transition to the new location.

To continue work on the Cook Road property, AT4P needs volunteers to donate supplies and gift cards, clean, paint, landscape, do regular lawn care, build fences and pressure wash.

McMeekin said, “We’ll need people who know how to work with chain link fencing, wood fencing, basic carpentry skills – just to donate their time – and we can put them to work.”

Look for the blue barrel at Food City to donate food and supplies to the AT4P AniMeals program. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)
Look for the blue barrel at Food City to donate food and supplies to the AT4P AniMeals program. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)

“With the nine and a half acres,” said McMeekin, “there is a pond where we have been excavating and cleaning … to create walking trails. The walking trails will be available for our volunteers to walk the dogs that we have in our programs.

“The walking trails will be designed and created with the help of the trails group from Fairfield Glade, so more volunteers donating their time.”

AT4P also wants to line up people who can transport the animals and who can move equipment from the current adoption center to the new one.

McMeekin added, “We are seeking a full-time kennel manager who has a minimum of three years experience managing a kennel to be our adoption center manager on site.”

AT4P has been promoting the no kill philosophy for 10 years in Cumberland County.

“Our goal,” said McMeekin, “is to turn the entire community and county shelter into a no kill community. … With that philosophy, animals lives are saved. Animals are treated humanely. Laws are followed. Laws are improved.

“A Time 4 Paws wants to educate people – educate them on how to become a no kill community, how to take care of animals, how to be kind to them, have them be a part of their family, spay and neuter them, teach the children responsibility about animals, treating them humanely as God’s creatures – not just as discarded, unwanted animals.”

Donations to AT4P's AniMeals program can be made at Kroger. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)
Donations to AT4P’s AniMeals program can be made at Kroger. (Photo by Diahan Krahulek)

In addition to help with the new adoption center, AT4P needs volunteers with many day-to-day and special activities.

McMeekin said, “We need volunteers for our events. We transport animals to and from adoption events. We have people we need to socialize the animals.

“We have cleaning … opportunities. We have the thrift store which we need people to process items – and very desperately. We need people who can pressure wash on a daily basis. We need people who can mop floors, clean. We just always need an extra hand.

“We need an events coordinator. I need a marketing person, and I also need a grant writer. And all of these are volunteer positions at this point.”

To learn more information about AT4P and the no kill philosophy, the public is invited to a volunteer orientation meeting that McMeeking hosts at the Art Circle Public Library on the second Saturday of every month. The next meeting will be June 13, at 10 a.m.

To volunteer your time and skills, call 931-456-6906.

Donated items for the thrift store and/or the adoption center can be left at both locations. The A Time 4 Paws Thrift Store is located at 1201 West Ave., and the current adoption center is at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy.

The public can also donate pet food and supplies to AT4P’s AniMeals program at the Crossville locations of Kroger and Food City.

Monetary and gift card donations can be mailed to P.O. Box 2982, Crossville, TN 38557.

Donating + Shopping = Saving Lives with A Time 4 Paws

A Time 4 Paws supports not only an adoption center, but also a thrift store and a pet hotel in Crossville, Tenn.

Volunteers man the AT4P thrift store, located at 1201 West Ave., Monday through Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. One hundred percent of its profit helps the organization maintain the animals and operational expenses of the no kill animal adoption center, located at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy.

Karen Arnold has volunteered with AT4P for four years and at the thrift store since it opened in September 2013. She said, “Everyday we have different specials. Then we’ll throw an extra one in. … We want the customers to feel special. We want them to come back, and we want them to … have an idea of what we do [at A Time 4 Paws].”

Pearl Jaco, who also works at the thrift store, said, “People will give money, supplies. They donate everything we get in the store. People are really good about that. Some days we get big donations. … Other days we might only get two or three, but, in general, we have donations everyday of some type.”

At the entrance to the store, customers will find an information table with a photo album of adoptable pets, a wish list for donated supplies and other information about AT4P’s mission. AT4P volunteers also help rescue homeless and abused animals and create educational programs and literature about the no kill philosophy, which all require funding.

Arnold said, “I’m just really inspired by the things going on, and I want other people to see what we do and what we have done and what we’re going for the future with.”

She said that AT4P president Karen McMeekin is looking for 100 acres to create a sanctuary for animals that are never adopted, based on the model created by the Best Friends Animal Society near Kanab, Utah.

In the meantime, the organization uses the thrift store to help with veterinary bills and to fund the various programs it has in place to help people and their pets in the community and homeless and abused animals.

By shopping at the AT4P thrift store, consumers find inexpensive household, décor, clothing and pet supplies, as well as toys, books and holiday items. At the same time, they will be supporting AT4P’s efforts to save, find homes for and create a sanctuary for homeless pets in Cumberland County.

Feral cat trap-neuter-release programs increase shelter space and decrease killing of healthy animals

Nathan Winograd, founder of the No Kill Advocacy Center based in Oakland, Calif., established an 11-point “No Kill Equation” plan to guide municipal shelters into becoming no-kill facilities.

His first strategy is the organization of Trap-Neuter-Release (TNR) programs for feral cats.

Alley Cat Allies of Bethesda, Md., explained that TNR programs involve safely trapping feral cats and taking them to veterinarians who will neuter and vaccinate them. Once the animals have recovered from surgery, “the cats are returned to their home – their colony – outdoors. Kittens and cats who are friendly and socialized to people may be adopted into homes.”

Whether feral cats are born in the wild or run away from domestic environments, no kill advocates support the cats’ right to live – just as they would support the live-and-let-live response most people have to raccoons, squirrels, birds and the like.

As more communities recognize the benefits of the TNR strategy, local governments are legislating these programs to ensure that shelters provide feral cats with an alternative to being killed when captured by animal control.

No Kill 101,” published by the No Kill Advocacy Center, says, “The decision to end an animal’s life is extremely serious, and should always be treated as such. No matter how many animals a shelter kills, each and every animal is an individual, and each deserves individual consideration.”

Feral cats know how to survive in the wild, so animal lovers do not need to worry about their survival. Returning spayed and neutered feral cats to their chosen habitats will reduce the number of animals euthanized in shelters because they are not breeding. Additionally, rescue groups typically foster these cats during their recovery and take care of the medical costs related to surgery and vaccinations.

While cats are under anesthesia, veterinarians clip off a quarter inch of the cats’ left ears to show that they have been neutered and vaccinated. This universal symbol allows treated cats to be left alone.

While Winograd strongly advocates for TNR programs, he also believes that that people should choose to spay and neuter their pets based on actual statics – not exaggerated ones. He contends that the main reasons to neuter dogs and cats are to reduce the number of animals that enter shelters and to stop needlessly killing healthy, adoptable animals.

Best Friend Animal Society in Kanab, Utah established itself as a no-kill facility in 1984. Best Friends is the “largest no-kill sanctuary” in the U.S. and has been a “flagship for the no-kill movement” for 30 years.

Along with PetsMart Charities, Best Friends started Community Cat Projects in two large cites in the west. Statistics in 2014 show a decrease of cats entering the shelters by 21 percent and a decrease of euthanasia by 84 percent from the shelters’ 2011 numbers.

PetsMart Charities also supports the TNR method for free roaming cats and has published steps to start grassroots programs and provided resources to help growing programs.


The Blount County Humane Society in Maryville, Tenn., – with the help of the Maryville Animal Shelter – currently has a barn cat program in which spayed and neutered cats are placed on farms where they can roam freely and provide property owners with rodent control.

A Time 4 Paws in Crossville, Tenn. is also working on developing this program for Cumberland County.

For more information about how to help with these programs, contact A Time 4 Paws at 931-456-6906 or the Blount County Humane Society at 865-382-7652.

Maryville animal shelter proves ‘No Kill’ model is possible in Tenn.

The Maryville animal shelter, which serves the cities of Maryville, Alcoa and Rockford, Tenn., has the only no kill government program in the state with a save rate of 90 percent or better.

Steve Phipps, the founder and president of the Blount County Humane Society (BCHS), said, “We’ve always been above 90 percent, which is the benchmark for saying that you’re ‘no kill.’ … Ninety percent is just a goal. There’s no reason why you can’t do 96, 97, 98, 99 and even 100 percent. And so we take that seriously. Every dog and cat is an individual.”

Eddie King, the director of the Maryville animal shelter, said, “When I first started doing this [26] years ago … we [were] doing 3,500 to 4,000 a year, coming into the shelter. I’d say … maybe 95 or 90 [percent] of that was being put to sleep. Now if you can imagine that’s what we did everyday here first thing in the mornings. Now fast forward to 2015, we’re not doing anything, and it’s thanks to the Blount County Humane Society.”

Phipps said, “Maryville, Tenn., is the safest community for shelter pets in America today – right now. For 2014, we have a 100 percent save rate.”

BCHS collaborates with the Maryville animal shelter to ensure that all of the animals that enter the shelter are released alive. The Shelter Pet Project team takes photos of any new animals received by the shelter to put on the BCHS Facebook page.

King said, “It’s been a 100 percent blessing because, [for] everything that comes in here, Steve’s group comes in here, takes pictures, information, and it goes automatically that day onto Facebook. And I can’t tell you how many times we found the owner [or] we’ve got an adoption because it’s on Facebook.”

After Phipps created the BCHS in 2003, he was the director of a low-cost spay/neuter clinic but learned specific details of the No Kill Movement when he read ‘Redemption: The Myth of Pet Overpopulation and the No Kill Revolution in America’ by Nathan Winograd.

He said, “Changed my whole perspective. Changed my life as it has many people’s as far as their role in animal protection.

“It opened my eyes, and I was like, ‘Well, there aren’t too many pets for the homes that we have in America. As a matter of fact, we have a surplus of homes, and the breakdown is we don’t have a pet overpopulation.’ We have shelter overcrowding due to poor shelter performance. …”

Phipps also started the national No Kill Revolution organization in 2009, to promote the principles and strategies of Winograd’s no kill model of shelter management.

He said, “The moral of the story is pretty much any dog can be rehabilitated to go into a family if you choose the family correctly and with much care. We believe in the no kill movement that pretty much any dog can be rehabilitated, and, if they can’t be, we still have a moral obligation not to kill that dog. And that’s where sanctuary comes in. That’s why it’s so important for us to have a sanctuary for dogs.”

Since the BCHS started working directly with Maryville Animal Control, Police Chief Tony Crisp has initiated several changes on his own.

King said, “Back in the day, it was three days if a stray animal came in, five days if it had a tag on it – or if we knew who it was, we’d hold it five days. Chief stepped up and says, ‘We’re going to do a 20-day hold for all animals. Period.’

“It’s been great. And, again, this really couldn’t take place without the help of Steve Phipps and his group. Because after that 20 days is up, they step in, and they find a home.”

Phipps said, “When we first started, we were working with the domestic dogs and cats. Our secret ambition was to save the feral cats because that’s part of the no kill model. … And so [the chief] approached us again. We had it in the plans to approach them, but they beat us to the punch. They said, ‘We’ll let you have the feral cats under one condition. You cannot release them back into the city limits.’

“And so we started a barn cat program, which we studied, and learned that it was the next best step.”

In the barn cat program, BCHS finds farmers who want to control rodents in an Eco-friendly way. The humane society has the feral cats spayed or neutered. They place the cats in barns in the surrounding areas of the city in kennels for two weeks to acclimate them to their surroundings.

Phipps said, “We’ve had a really good rate of feral cats staying there. We’ve maybe had five that owners say just took off to parts unknown and never saw them again. But they’re feral cats. They know how to survive, and now they can’t reproduce. So we feel like that’s the model that works for us here.”

Phipps and King believe that the Maryville program is one that can be adopted anywhere in Tennessee.

“Go out there an talk with your shelter,” said Phipps, “and, if they’ll work with you, work with them with the ultimate goal – and this can happen overnight – it’s not a five-year program though I see a lot of communities say, ‘Well, seven years down the road we’re going to be ‘no kill.’

“That’s a cop out. You can achieve no kill in one year or less if you’re serious. And the reason I say that is because it’s been done over and over. There are over 250 communities in America now that have no kill shelters.

Phipps said, “In Cumberland County, it can happen. We’re proof that it can happen, so take heart. Get out there and do the things that it takes.”

A Time 4 Paws, a non-profit organization located in Crossville, Tenn., also wants to establish a long-term community partnership with the Cumberland County animal shelter in order to prevent the killing of homeless animals. The group needs volunteers in a variety of areas to make this plan a reality. For more information, contact AT4P at 931-456-6906, at or on Facebook.

Successful no kill animal programs show change possible for Cumberland County

A Time 4 Pets (

A Time 4 Paws is a non-profit organization committed to establishing the no-kill animal philosophy in Cumberland County, Tenn.

Karen McMeekin, president of AT4P, said that in 2004, the county and city shelters were killing 85 to 90 percent of the dogs and cats they brought in. In order to reduce these numbers, she often transported large numbers of animals to out-of-state no-kill rescue organizations.

McMeekin discovered the book “Redemption: The Myth of Pet Overpopulation and the No Kill Revolution in America” (2009). Nathan Winograd, the director of the No Kill Advocacy Center, presents a researched-based plan that can change shelters across the U.S. to increase their save rates to 90 percent or better. He has also produced a movie based on “Redemption” that will be shown in theaters this summer.

Winograd’s text gave McMeekin hope for a new plan for Cumberland County, and, at her own expense, she visited successful no-kill programs in Utah, Texas and Florida to learn how to implement the same initiative in Tennessee.

Best Friends Animal Society (BFAS) in Kanab, Utah, has been a prominent model for no-kill animal programs since 1984. Founders committed themselves to sheltering homeless animals until they were adopted and educating the public about the routine and unnecessary euthanasia protocols in U.S. shelters.

Board member Gregory Castle has served as BFAS’s CEO since 2010. However, as a co-founder of BFAS, he has been advocating for no kill animal programs for 30 years. He believes that communities can eliminate unnecessary euthanasia of homeless animals with organized programs. Through No More Homeless Pets in Utah, another organization he founded, his team developed programs for animal care education, low-cost spaying and neutering and pet adoptions.

Austin Pets Alive! in Austin, Texas, is managed by Executive Director Dr. Ellen Jefferson. She has led Austin to be “the largest No Kill city in the United States.” APA! has a 91 percent save rate, which translates to more than 6,000 animals annually. The center regularly plans broad, creative programs to save at-risk companion animals.

Since 1988, the Animal Refuge Center (ARC) in Ft. Myers, Fla., has provided an alternative to euthanasia of unwanted dogs and cats. They ensure that all animals are treated, rehabilitated and given an opportunity to be adopted. For dogs and cats that are never adopted, ARC is committed to providing them with lifetime sanctuary.

Closer to Crossville, the Blount County Humane Society in Maryville, Tenn., has established itself as a no-kill program in Tennessee with a verified save rate of 99 percent in 2014. The group offers a variety of leadership and supporting volunteer opportunities and is very active in promoting its philosophy through social media. Citizens can offer support as on -the-ground members of the Friends of the Animals Advisory Team and financially through the Bark-N-Purr Club.

For board members and other volunteers with AT4P, the goal for a true no-kill animal facility with the Cumberland County government is very realistic. However, they know that they must continue educating the community about the statistics and the proven successes of other programs to counteract the long-standing mindset of pet overpopulation that must be controlled with euthanasia.

A Time 4 Paws brings no-kill philosophy to Cumberland Co., Tenn.

Animal shelters across the U.S. put down millions of animals annually because they have not found homes for these dogs and cats within a small window of time. While shelters have improved their save rate to a national average of 65 percent, no-kill adoption centers are forming in both urban and rural areas to improve this statistic to 99 percent. Staff members and volunteers with A Time 4 Paws, located in Crossville, Tenn., believe that through education they can change this community into one that embraces the no-kill philosophy.

In 2004, Karen McMeekin, founder of A Time 4 Paws, joined the local Humane Society as a board member when the county and city shelter’s were euthanizing 85 to 90 percent of their animals. McMeekin said, “What I started doing was making transports out of the county up north to facilities that would accept them. I transported in my truck and my horse trailer 30 to 40 to 50 animals at a time.”

McMeekin said, “When I was running the Humane Society [in Cumberland County] for three months, we were completely no-kill. We killed nothing. We saved 42 upper-respiratory cats and every animal that had Parvo in there. [Elizabeth Chaste] and I took 12-hour shifts laying on the floor with Parvo dogs, giving them medications that they needed to save every one of them.

McMeekin and Chaste met when they were board members for the Humane Society. They read “Redemption” by Nathan Winograd, the founder of the No-Kill Advocacy Center and strategically planned to implement this way of thinking in Cumberland County.

“[A Time 4 Paws] became a non-profit 501(c)(3) in 2005. We then decided that we should learn other ways – rather than transporting animals north. We felt that we would be killing other animals up north by bringing ours there, so we educated ourselves on the no-kill philosophy.”

McMeekin visited Best Friends Animal Society in Utah and other organizations in Texas, Florida and Washington, D.C. to learn how to develop a no-kill community.

According to the No Kill Advocacy Center in Oakland, Calif., more than 23 million people adopt pets annually, and shelters kill approximately three million dogs and cats every year because they are not re-homed. McMeekin said, “The no-kill philosophy does not say there is an overpopulation. There’s a lack of effort.”

McMeekin said, “I could go on for hours about animals we have helped and people we have helped – not just animals – but the people.”

Fran Long agreed that she has benefited from adopting two dogs through A Time 4 Pets.

Long and her husband Jim adopted Zoe after Jim was diagnosed with cancer. She said that Jim and Zoe were inseparable. A year and a half after Jim passed away, Long decided to adopt another dog. She said, “I wasn’t able to take her to the dog park and walk her as much as we did before – and exercise and play. … I thought, She needs someone to play with to help occupy her time between me getting involved.

“[Zoe] took to Rosie right away, and they’ve been the best playmates. They watch out the front door and alert me to anything that goes on outside.”

Jason Kennedy has volunteered at A Time 4 Paws for four years. He said, “I believe in chances for animals. If I help out, the more chances they get.”

McMeekin continues to look for opportunities to promote the no-kill alternative to Cumberland County, Tenn. She said, “The ultimate goal would be is to not be needed. Wouldn’t that be fabulous? They just didn’t need A Time 4 Paws because everything was a no-kill, everyone took care of their animals, everyone fed them, didn’t tie them out to trees, didn’t use them as target practice, didn’t anti-freeze poison them. It would be fabulous, but until then we’ll keep on fighting.”

The A Time 4 Paws adoption center is located at 463 Old Jamestown Hwy. in Crossville. The thrift store is located at 1201 West Ave, and the pet hotel is located at 2149 E. 1st St.

McMeekin’s next goal is to open a pet sanctuary to provide more room for the animals in which to live and to engage with potential adopters. She said, “We need someone to donate 70-100 acres. Now that would be community cooperation!”

To contact A Time 4 Paws, call 931-456-6906 or email The organization also has a Facebook page.

For more information about the 11 steps for a no-kill community, click here.